Spring 2009 class at Eastern Oregon University
I have initiated this project in an effort to develop a consice list of current beliefs adn positions regarding the use of creatine, specifically by high school students. I did some research looking for studies on the effects of creatine supplementation. Very little good work is available. I did find this 2001 Study that did a fairly good job. I realize its a little old, but the information is good. Here is another research article (slightly newer) courtesy of the Gatorade Sports Science Institute. Read more »
Sorry about the questions from Chapter 20 on the test. I accidentally made a database selection error when creating the test. I've given a 5 point adjustment on the test to compensate this.
Scholarships are a extrinsic reward that all schools offer to premier athletes around the country. In the past it was stated that these scholarships effected athletes performance and motivation. These students that are on scholarship are often times expected to perform and are often looked at as superstars on campus. The recent research has provided evidence that there is no difference in intrinsic motivation and shows data that they studied occupants to find this out.
Introduction Read more »
Testing leading to contracting. The best way that I have found to encourage an individual to start and stick with an exercise program is through a needed wake-up call. A test of any fitness modality in any catagory with norm or criteria based scoring is usually the best method. For instance, combined a weighted movement with a body weighted movement followed by a short run. Now, throw in a time to beat, or complete as many rounds of that particular set of 3 modalities in a 10 or 20 minute time frame, and you've got yourself a test. Using this type of testing on individuals accomplishes a few things: 1. After numerouse participants you have a norm grading scale. 2. You also can establish a above/below average ratings as well as determine which modality needs to be improved. 3. Read more »
As a director of fitness at a local health club, I will work with all the fitness instructors to initiate a plan of action with the aim of increasing participation and adherence to our exercise programs. When designing a plan, I will do so with special consideration to physiological and psychological elements that can make or break a persons exercise adherence. A few goals I have when designing my plan are:
1) enhancing people’s psychological readiness to exercise
2) create exercise prescriptions that are not overly restrictive and are optimal enhancing motivation for regular exercise
3) create exercise prescriptions that are considerate to all levels of participants working out. Furthermore, create a plan that enables beginners to feel confident and not over challenged. Read more »
During a track meet, Jenny was preparing herself throw the discus in the preliminaries. Jenny has great throwing technique and is very fundamentally sound with the basic understanding of throwing the disc. Every meet she has a PR and has been focusing on making a run for the district title. During her first throw in the prelims, Jenny releases the disc, catching the top part of the cage, scratching her throw. As her coach she approaches me with a white face and says she can’t believe she just did this. I talked to her about being relaxed and having fun. Her next two throws are 56’7” and another scratch. She is obviously crushed and feels her chances of getting a shot at the district title are ruined. Read more »
June 8, 2009
Learned helplessness is defined by Webster as: “a mental condition in which one becomes unable to help oneself due to previous failed attempts at controlling one's life.” This condition occurs within sports teams fairly often. In the article written by Mary Walling and Thomas Martinek they say:”One of the main causes of learned helplessness is repeated failure in numerous Read more »
Aggression in Sports
When I was helping coach track at a local school, I witnessed an athlete show some aggressive behavior at the State Track meet. He was competing in the finals of the 300 hurdles, while coming around the corner of the track he fell down but got up and still finished the race. Upon the completion of the race he slammed his hands down on the track in frustration and said a swear word. This aggressive behavior caused him to be disqualified by the meet director and missed getting a medal. “Most aggressive behavior in sport and physical activity settings appears, not be inherently desirable or undesirable; instead, whether is good or bad seems to depend on interpretation.” (Weinberg and Gould, pg. 534) Read more »
A review of studies on Winning and Losing, outcomes of methodology and application. (Final Draft)
It is generalized that winning has a positive affect on mood and losing has a negative affect.The general perception of the public, media, spectators, players and coaches alike, is that success is judged as winning and failure as losing. However the emotional effects of winning and loosing are also in the importance of the specific competition to the individual.
In the case studies I found that it was not widely supported that winning and losing was the only factors that changed the outcome of overall mood and self worth. Read more »
Task-goal Orientation and the Correlation to Athletic Success: A Review of Literature
Introduction: Read more »
When I went home a couple of weeks ago I had went to my little brothers state championship baseball game. My brother went 4 for 5 and had two doubles, single, and a homerun. When he struck out my brother acted in a very aggressive manner and threw his bat and threw his helmet when he reached the dugout. As we all know this is a manner that we see everyday in the world of professional sports, so which makes it nothin new to us when we see it by a high school athlete. I believe that my brother should have never acted in this manner. It is out of his caracter and makes him look very bad to all the people who were in the stands. Read more »
Being a good fitness instuctor holds a lot of responsibilities. One of the major responsibilities they face is keeping participants involved in working out at the fitness club. This job can be tough but if a fitness instructor is good and has a lot of the right training they will know that a person has to be having fun, have goals, and be committed. Read more »
Fitness clubs are always trying to find ways to increase participation in exercise programs. If I was in charge of designing a way to incease participation there are a number of different things I would do. First off, when someone signed up I would have them write down what their goals are when starting a certain exercise programs. I would make sure that these are realistic and attainable goals and I would have someone monitor the progress of that individual. I would also make sure that trainers are always readily available and on hand to assist in anything that my clients need. Starting fun and beneficial exercise programs would also get more people in the gym. People always think of working out as a chore, but if you can make it fun for people that would increase enrollment. Read more »
All part of being a college athlete is all about the desire to compete and become better and move on to the next level of play. In order for a college athlete to become better they have to be motivated within themselve's. Today most college athletes attend colleges do to how much money they are going to be givin to go to school or how good the program is that they will be competing in. I know from experiences with myself that it was always about how much money the program was going to give me in order to pay for my school and my housing. Read more »
Strategies to help students with special needs in physical education classes. (Final Draft)
Strategies to help students with special needs in physical education classes.
Adapted physical education is a direct service, required for every student with a disability. In the past, adapted physical education was a pull-out program for students with severe disabilities. Students with mild disabilities or conditions were often included within the regular physical education setting. Teachers would make modifications to meet each child’s unique needs. The research data provided reasons for being physically active, ways to help student become physically active and strategies for students with special needs.
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I was watching a girls basketball game at my high school and after a tough loss, one of the girls kicks the bleachers, throws her water bottle then as she is being told to head immediately to the locker room by the coach, she passes one of the team members from the other team on her way and shoulder bumps them and says a crude comment to them. This was in front of the entire crowd watching the sporting event, each team and their coaches, the athletic director and the principle of the high school. This girl is known for her aggressive behavior, and so it comes as no surprise this occurred after loosing such an intense game. As the coach of the girl, he has attempted to apply many techniques so this does not occur. Read more »
In a volleyball game, Kelly a 16 year old girl was up to serve game point in a varsity high school game against the schools rivals. Kelly is a good server, but is known for becoming anxious in pressure situations and missing her serve. The opposing coach calls a time out to ice Kelly and let the pressure build. The head coach tells Kelly to just relax and serve just like she does every day in practice. Kelly knows how important the game is to everyone, and begins to think how awful she would feel if she let everyone down. As a result, she tenses up physically, she rushes her serve and serves the ball right into the net. Giving the other team the ball allowing them to serve and win the game. Read more »
This paper will analyze six studies on the effects of a pre-putt routine in golf. This literature review will compare and contrast the six studies as a whole, including analysis of what actions could have been taken to improve the studies. These studies used a wide range of athletes, from the college ranks up to professional female golfers.
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