Soccer Unit Plan

Introduction: Below is the soccer unit I taught fall.  These lessons engage students and teach a good sequence of soccer skills.  I use activities that embed the skills being taught into the objective of the activity.  For example, many students  start out wanting to do hard kicks when dribbling and passing before they have mastered control of the ball.  These drills force them to keep the ball close and focus on maintaining control of the ball.

My "Red Light-Green Light" soccer game teaches dribbling/control by keeping the ball close to the feet in order to stop he ball successfully.  "Soccer Hoops" also requires keeping the ball close to the feet and under control in order to dribble and tap the ball into the proper hoop.

I also like to sandwich a new activity between previously taught games  to reinforce skills mastery.  For example, I repeat the  "The Cone Zone" game taught yesterday as a warm-up or cool down activity.  This uses time wisely by building a soccer experience of progressive skills taught through fun games. 

School Name: Calistoga Elementary

Grade Level: 2nd Grade

Author: DJ Marrs Smith

Created: Sept., 2009

Unit Objectives

Each student will. . .

1.   Demonstrate dribbling a soccer ball with insides of both feet
2.   Demonstrate ball control by keeping dribble close to feet 
4.   Demonstrate pulling/rolling the ball back with the foot
5.   Demonstrate a  soccer pass to stationary partner 
6.   Demonstrate  trapping ball with instep and ball of the foot
7.   Demonstrate trapping the soccer ball with the best foot
8.   Demonstrate a soccer pass to a moving teammate 
9.   Demonstrate dribbling pressured by a defender
10.  Demonstrate passing pressured by a defender
11.  Demonstrate the step-over to change directions to avoid a defender
12. Demonstrate kicking ball with the laces to score a goal.    

Grading

50%    --Participation
10%    --Effort
10%    --Good Sportsmanship & Teamwork
10%    --Growth 
10%    --Behavior
10%    --Following Directions

Schedule

Week 1

Monday - Red Light-Green Light Soccer
Tuesday - Soccer Hoops
Wednesday - The Cone Zone
Thursday - Ghostbusters
Friday - Pass-N-Go

Week 2

Monday -  Soccer Keep-Away
Tuesday -  Air Bud Scoring Triangle
Wednesday - Dribbling and Passing Under Pressure
Thursday - Small Sided Soccer Games
Friday - Skills Tests

Topic (Day 1): Dribbling and Trapping/Ball Control

Instructor:    DJ Marrs Smith
Grade Level:  2nd
School Name:   Calistoga Elementary
Date Created:  Sept., 2009

Equipment: 1 Soccer Ball for Each Student, 2 Cones/Student (For Start and Finish Lines)

Warm Up Activities: Hat Dance, Tic Toc in a semi-circle 

Teaching Cues: Hat Dance
1.  Foot on top of the ball 
2.  Roll ball in circles both directions
3.  Use ball of the foot

Teaching Cues: Tic Toc
1.  Gently tap the ball
2.  Use insides (insteps) of feet to tap
3.  Keep ball close to feet 

New Activity/Game: Red Light-Green Light Soccer

Teaching Cues: Soccer Dribble
1.  Gently tap/push the ball
2.  Use insides (insteps) of feet to tap
3.  Keep ball close to feet

Teaching Cues: Trap the Ball
1.  Move to the ball
2.  Heel down - Toes Up
3.  Stop the Ball 

Procedure:

  1. Students line up at horizontal starting line with cones 4' apart 
  2. Explain that objective of the game is to learn to control the soccer ball
  3. Model trapping the ball while providing trapping cues
  4. Ask students to model trapping the ball
  5. Check that students are using proper technique
  6. Model the dribble while providing dribbling cues
  7. Ask students to model the dribble
  8. Check that students are using proper technique
  9. Explain that when you say "Green Light", they will dribble the ball forward
  10. Add that when you say "Red Light", students will trap the ball
  11. If their ball is moving after you say "Red Light", they will go back to the start line
  12. Note that this is not a race and that they are to keep the ball close to their feet to trap it quickly
  13. Explain that when they arrive at their finish cone, they can practice the Hat Dance and Tic Toc until everyone is there
  14. Say "Green Light" and begin the game.  Call names of student's whose ball is moving after calling "Red Light" to go back
  15. When students are at finish line, play again in opposite direction as time allow

Closing Activity:  While in closing semi-circle doing soccer stretches, ask students what new skills they learned.  Also ask them to repeat what these skills look like.

Topic (Day 2): Ball Control, Dribbling

Instructor:    DJ Marrs Smith
Grade Level:  2nd
School Name:   Calistoga Elementary
Date Created:  Sept., 2009

Equipment: 6 Hula Hoops in different colors, 4-5 Soccer Balls in Corresponding Colors, (total 24-30) 5 Corresponding Colored 20 Cones/Student (For Start and Finish Lines)

Warm Up Activities: Hat Dance, Tic Toc in a semi-circle and Red Light-Green Light Game

Teaching Cues: Hat Dance
1.  Foot on top of the ball 
2.  Roll ball in circles both directions
3.  Use ball of the foot

Teaching Cues: Tic Toc
1.  Gently tap the ball
2.  Use insides (insteps) of feet to tap
3.  Keep ball close to feet 

Warm-Up Activity: Red Light-Green Light Soccer

Teaching Cues: Soccer Dribble
1.  Gently tap the ball
2.  Use insides (insteps) of feet to tap
3.  Keep ball close to feet

Teaching Cues: Trap the Ball
1.  Move to the ball
2.  Use Bottom of Foot
3.  Stop the Ball 

New Activity/Game Procedure: Soccer Hoops

  1. Position Hula Hoops 6-7' apart in a circular pattern
  2. Put 1 ball of each non-matching color inside the hoops
  3. 4-5 Students line up vertically behind each colored cone placed 5' apart
  4. Explain that object of the game is to pull balls matching their cone out of the hoops and dribble to their hoop
  5. Ask students to use the dribbling skill they learned yesterday to move their balls into their hoop
  6. Model pulling the ball out of a hoop and dribbling it to it's matching hoop
  7. Instruct students that they will dribble only one ball to a hoop
  8. They will do this when they are at the beginning of their line
  9. When student dribbles a matching ball to their hoop, they will go to the end of their line
  10. When each student has dribbled a ball to their hoop and all the balls match, that team is finished and they will sit down
  11. Signal for the game to begin and check that students are using proper technique
  12. Provide positive and corrective feedback during the game
  13. When all teams are sitting down, check that all balls are in the correct hoops and ask them to stand up for another game
  14. Remind students of dribbling/ball control cues as needed from what you observed and compliment them  on what they did correctly.
  15. Explain that they will scramble the balls back to unmatching hoops, as they were at the start of the first game
  16. Repeat the games, scrambling and unscrambling the balls as time allows and students are engaged

Closing Activity:  While in closing semi-circle doing soccer stretches, ask what new skills students learned.  Also ask them to repeat what these skills look like. 

Topic (Day 3): Dribbling/Ball Control

Instructor:    DJ Marrs Smith
Grade Level:  2nd
School Name:   Calistoga Elementary
Date Created:  Sept., 2009

Equipment: 6 Hula Hoops in different colors, 4-5 Soccer Balls in Corresponding Colors (total 24-30), 35 Corresponding Colored  Cones for 5 Zig-Zag Tunnels (of 7 cones each)

Warm Up Activities: Hat Dance, Tic Toc in a semi-circle and  Red Light-Green Light

Teaching Cues: Hat Dance
1.  Foot on top of the ball 
2.  Roll ball in circles both directions
3.  Use ball of the foot

Teaching Cues: Tic Toc
1.  Gently tap the ball
2.  Use insides (insteps) of feet to tap
3.  Keep ball close to feet 

Warm-Up Activity: Soccer Hoops

Teaching Cues: Soccer Dribble
1.  Gently tap the ball
2.  Use insides (insteps) of feet to tap
3.  Keep ball close to feet

New Activity/Game Procedure: The Cone Zone

  1. Position 5 different cones 5' apart at start line for each team and the remaining 6 matching cones in a zig-zag tunnel pattern following the start cones
  2. Start teams of 4-5 students behind the first cone in a vertical line, each student with a colored ball matching their cones
  3. Explain that object of the game is to do a weaving dribble through their zig-zag cone tunnel without touching the cones until they reach a matching hula hoop into which they will tap their ball.
  4. Instruct that after they tap their ball into their matching hoop, they will do a straight line dribble around the outside of the tunnel area back behind the starting cone.
  5. Model the weaving dribble reminding students of dribbling cues to maintain control and the straight dribble back.
  6. Remind students this is not a race and they they will continue the pattern until you blow the whistle to stop.
  7. Blow the whistle to start the drill and provide positive and corrective feedback as needed during the drill
  8. At the end of the drill, ask all students to dribble and tap their balls into their matching hoop.

Closing Activity:  While in closing semi-circle doing soccer stretches, a what new skills they learned.  Also ask them to repeat what these skills look like.

Topic (Day 4): Dribbling/Ball Control/Passing/Trapping

Instructor:    DJ Marrs Smith
Grade Level:  2nd
School Name:   Calistoga Elementary
Date Created:  Sept., 2009

Equipment: 6 Hula Hoops in different colors, 4-5 Soccer Balls in Corresponding Colors (total 24-30), 35 Corresponding Colored  Cones for 5 Zig-Zag Tunnels (of 7 cones each), 40 bowling pins

Warm Up Activities: Hat Dance, Tic Toc in a semi-circle and Red Light-Green Light Game

Teaching Cues: Hat Dance
1.  Foot on top of the ball 
2.  Roll ball in circles both directions
3.  Use ball of the foot

Teaching Cues: Tic Toc
1.  Gently tap the ball
2.  Use insides (insteps) of feet to tap
3.  Keep ball close to feet 

Warm-Up Activity: The Cone Zone

Teaching Cues: Soccer Dribble
1.  Push the ball with insteps of feet
2.  Head Up Looking for Open Space
3.  Keep ball close to feet

Teaching Cues: Trap the Ball
1.  Move to the ball
2.  Use Bottom of Foot
3.  Stop the Ball Completely

New Activity/Game Procedure: Ghostbusters

Teaching Cues: Instep Pass
1.  Non kicking foot toe pointing at target
2.  Kicking foot perpendicular to heel of non-kicking foot
3.  Kick firmly with instep of dominant foot

  1. Position 2 bowling 5' apart in a horizontal line.  Position 2 additional bowling pins parallel to first set about 5' apart.
  2. Each student will stand behind two bowling pins (match pairs by ability/size). 
  3. Explain that object of the game is kick the ball using an instep pass to knock down their pins.  They will have two trys to hit both pins.  After the first try, their partner will instep pass it back to them. 
  4. If they knock down both pins, they score two points.  One point/pin.
  5. When turn is over, instep pass it to partner who will do an instep trap.
  6. Model the entire set of skills for students.
  7. Upon whistle blow, pairs of students begin the game.  Check for proper technique. Provide encouragment and feedback.

Closing Activity:  While in closing semi-circle doing soccer stretches, a what new skills they learned.  Also ask them to repeat what these skills look like.

Topic (Day 5): Dribbling/Ball Control/Passing/Trapping
Instructor:    DJ Marrs Smith
Grade Level:  2nd
School Name:   Calistoga Elementary
Date Created:  Sept., 2009

Equipment: 6 Hula Hoops in different colors, 4-5 Soccer Balls in Corresponding Colors (total 24-30), 35 Corresponding Colored  Cones for 5 Zig-Zag Tunnels (of 7 cones each), 40 bowling pins

Warm Up Activities: Hat Dance, Tic Toc in a semi-circle and Red Light-Green Light Game

Teaching Cues: Hat Dance
1.  Foot on top of the ball 
2.  Roll ball in circles both directions
3.  Use ball of the foot

Teaching Cues: Tic Toc
1.  Gently tap the ball
2.  Use insides (insteps) of feet to tap
3.  Keep ball close to feet 

New Warm-Up Activity: The Step-Over

  Teaching Cues: Step-Over

  1. Take your right foot over the ball
  2. Take the ball away with the outside of your left foot
  3. Accelerate

Teaching Cues: Trap the Ball
1.  Move to the ball
2.  Use Bottom of Foot
3.  Stop the Ball 

 

 

 

New Activity/Game Procedure: Pass-N-Go

Teaching Cues: Instep Pass
1. Non kicking foot toe pointing at target
2. Kicking foot perpendicular to heel of non-kicking foot
3. Kick firmly with instep of dominant foot

Teaching Cues: Instep Trap
1.  Eyes on the Ball
2.  Place instep of closest foot in ball's path
3.  Give with the ball to stop completely

  1. Set up field as you did for The Cone Zone drill
  2. Group students in matched teams of 3-4 students
  3. Explain that object of the game is kick the ball using an instep pass to teammate to move the ball toward the hula hoop goal.  
  4. As soon as they pass the ball, they "Go" by running ahead of their teammate closest to the goal to receive the next pass.
  5. The teammate receiving he pass will do an instep trap, do a Step-Over and instep pass the ball to the next team mate.
  6. That teammate will stop the ball with an instep trap and repeat the previous procedure.
  7. Teammates repeat this procedure all the way down the field until the teammate closest to their hula hoop taps it in.
  8. Team turns around and repeats the procedure.

Closing Activity:  While in closing semi-circle doing soccer stretches, a what new skills they learned.  Also ask them to repeat what these skills look like.

Topic (Day 10): Skills Tests

Instructor:  DJ Marrs Smith 
Grade Level: 2nd   
School Name:  Calistoga Elementary
Date Created:  Sept., 2009 

Equipment: 1 soccer ball and 2 cones/student

Grading Rubrics

Informal Phase I (GRADES: K-2; Ages: 5-8)

MOTOR
SKILL
SPECIFIC
OBJECTIVES
WHAT TO
OBSERVE
FOCUS
POINTS

Dribbling
Go to test Objective
Test

Use of inside, full instep, and outside of the foot; start and stop; change rhythm and direction (note that the use of the sole of the foot and both feet for dribbling was purposefully left out at this phase) position of balancing foot; contact with ball; possession of ball; peripheral vision, speed/agility to ball control ratio Trapping/
Passing

  Use of inside of the foot ground balls with variations in distance (force) and direction position of balancing foot; contact with ball and control of ball; peripheral vision; follow through; speed and accuracy of ball redistribution         

Dribbling: Spacial Awareness
Dribbling is the slowest and least energy effecient mode of ball manipulation in soccer. A simple pass to a teammate results in faster, more efficient, and often safer advancement of the ball toward the opposing team's goal. Why then should the coach emphasize dribbling skills if it represents an inferior game strategy? Dribbling is a game strategy that serves to improve one's options to pass or shoot. When the purpose of a dribbling run is not to create a better angle for a pass or shot, it should be used as a last resort rather than first choice game strategy. That is the reason spacial awareness is critical to effective dribbling. As soon as one starts dribbling (and sometimes even before) he/she should think about an "exit strategy." "What do I do next?" Soccer is a team sport after all. (suggested learning cue to player: "look up" meaning, scan the field and evaluate your options)

  Trapping: Balancing Foot
Trapping animation The positioning and pointing direction of the balancing foot's toes is very important, especially at the beginner levels, to the development of proper trapping (and dribbling, juggling, passing, and shooting) skills. Ball control is achieved by maintaining a delicate balance on one foot while bringing the ball to a rest with the other foot. BACK TO TABLE Trapping: Eye Contact and Timing
Trapping image #2 Good timing is developed through persistent eye contact with ball, and proper positioning for ball's path interception. The skills level is evaluated here by answering the following questions: Is the player watching the ball until impact? Did the player adjust her/his position to intercept the ball while comfortably balanced on one foot? Did he/she raise head and checked the available spaces and passing options immediately following contact with ball?(suggested learning cue to player: "on my toes" meaning, don't stand flat on your feet, be ready to move in and intercept the ball) BACK TO TABLE Trapping: Ball Control and Protection
Trapping image #3 Proper positioning and timing result in ball control that allows immediate repositioning or redirection of ball. This is the real test of the most specific goal of trapping. Does the player seem to have a "magnet" to ball in her/his foot or the ball tends to deflect off the foot? Can the player trap the ball and keep possession? (suggested learning cue to player: "to myself, away from the opponent")
BACK TO TABLE Trapping: Ball Redistribution
Trapping image #4 To be able to redirect the ball, the player needs first to have a controlled possesion of it. Effective trapping does not end with the control of the ball. Control has to be immediately followed by a number of game strategies. Thus, the evaluation of effective trapping needs also to address the the following questions: How soon does the player move with ball under her/his control? How soon, and with what level of accuracy does the player pass or shoot the ball? Does the player select a proper response (clear ball, or trap and redistribute) under match related or game conditions? (suggested learning cue: "hot potato" meaning, pass or move ball immediately)

References

http://www.soccer-training-info.com/soccer_dribbling_skills.asp

http://www.lessonplanet.com/search?keywords=cues+soccer&rati...

http://www.kidsfirstsoccer.com/testing.html

http://www.sparkpe.org/physical-education/k-2/

Appendix A
Rules: As specified under "Procedures" for each drill, game or activity 

 

   

Comments

Brilliant! Love the video embedded and the catchy cues. Great stuff!