There are basically 4 ways to get things done in a business: project, batch processing, flow shop processing, and flexible/programmable processing (Starr, 2009). Sport and recreation managers often work on projects. Because of this, understanding techniques for effective project management are important.
Resource Leveling (Starr, 2009) is an important concept to improve efficiency in project management. Generally there is a beginning phase of a project that moves very slowly while ideas are being generated and planning is taking place. Close to the end of a project things start happening very quickly as impending deadlines force (sometimes frantic) action to complete the project. Resource leveling is a strategy to keep balance resources (e.g. personnel, cash outlay, equipment) more consistently throughout the process. This requires better coordination and flexibility of resources to work with different functions during the project process. A goal is to shorten the project cycle and to more evenly apply resources throughout the process.
There are some well-established tools for project planning including:
Starr, M. K. (2009). Production and Operations Management, (2nd ed.). Independence, KY: Atomic Dog.